How do couples avoid STIs while trying for a baby?

If you are trying for a baby and you are worried about STIs, it is a good idea for both partners to test for infections before you start.

Chlamydia, gonorrhoea and syphilis are easily treated. The right treatment means that you will not pass these infections between you when trying to become pregnant.

People who are currently being treated for HIV and have an undetectable viral load will not pass the infection on to their partners. It’s important to identify any infection and start treatment before you start trying for a baby. If you have been at risk of HIV infection in the past, you should get tested.

People with hepatitis B and hepatitis C infection will need to talk to their doctor about whether they are infectious to their partners or not. This will depend on whether the infection is active or inactive. If the infection is active, your doctor can talk to you about options for getting pregnant without putting your partner at increased risk.


Last updated at: 08 March 2022

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